We Supply and Fit Up and Over Garage Doors
The conventional one-piece up and over door has been around for some time now and is still the most common form of door used in new build properties. It’s easy and fast to mount, and because of the variety of designs as well as the latest finishes and colours that are becoming available, it’s still very popular and is still commonly sold in a replacement door situation.
The operating principle is clear, with only two forms of mechanism, the ‘canopy’ door function and the retractable mechanism. The canopy door is used for simpler, lighter door panels and up to 8 feet (2438 mm) wide. It is so-called because the door panel forms a canopy when fully opened with about a third of the door panel extending out of the fixing subframe.
The retractable mechanism means that the door panel is raised by pivoting arms on either side of the door panel with tension springs attached to provide assistance in action, the door panel retracts back into the garage with rollers in the top corners of the door rolling along horizontal tracks into the garage.
Up and over doors are available as standard in steel, wood, uPVC and GRP construction. A one-piece door panel is also available with window choices in several styles and almost unlimited options for colours and designs incorporating unique design features on the front of the panel. It is possible to purchase an open chassis up and over a door system to allow a bespoke panel to be installed while ensuring that the mechanism, spring and subframe are already checked, robust and safe for use as a garage door.
Up and Over Garage Door’s we’ve fitted locally.
Canopy Garage Doors
The canopy style garage door was the simplest and most common type of garage door mechanism used in the United Kingdom for years, its name coming from the completely opened garage door plate, which protruded about a third forward of the sub frame to form a canopy.
It offers optimum drive-through width when fully opened and is the easiest type of door to be built. The door panel itself is balanced and supported by torsional springs mounted above the door panel on the head of the fixing subframe.
The canopy door mechanism is only available with a width of up to 8 feet (2438 mm). It is not the mechanism usually used when the door is to be electrically powered. It is a simple door mechanism for smaller door widths without electrical operation.
Retractable Garage Doors
The retractable garage door has been the most common form of garage door mechanism in the UK lately, with its name derived from the garage door panel retracting entirely into the garage when it is opened. It is a door mechanism that can comfortably and securely handle the least-equipped electrical operator device.
The drive-through width of the retractable mechanism is often reduced as the lifting arms on either side rest between the subframe when the door is opened. Be cautious when the width of the opening is important, and you do not limit access too much and risk your access to a specific vehicle.
The retractable mechanism can handle much heavier loads with adjustable tension springs on the sides, easily increased in size and strength.
Retractable Operating Gear
Some manufacturers offer the option of a retractable+ operating gear with a pivot point for the raised sidearms to be above the height of the regular wing mirror providing almost maximum order width. The typical retractable mechanism decreases the width of the side lift arms, which can be important for narrower garage width openings. Always be sure to check the measurements of every new door to make sure you can completely use the garage.
Note: Retractable operating gear is commonly used for garage doors greater than 8 feet wide and heavier door panels such as hardwood. Both double width garage doors are fitted with retractable operating gear.
What Sizes are Available?
Up and over doors are available in sizes up to 5 m wide and up to 2.5 m high. Due to the one-piece panel construction, the mechanics and physics are stressed above these sizes, and the security is compromised.
Most garage doors are available in standard sizes in the UK, usually, about 20-30 standard sizes starting in 1981 mm (6’6) “wide.
It’s now possible to get so many different door styles in purpose-built sizes that it’s certainly worth asking if your garage opening isn’t the normal size. Like so many other garage doors, compromises are typically made in height with infill sections or fascias used to accommodate a standard height door, and the opening is higher than necessary. This is again down to brick courses that don’t fit as they do with regular pedestrian door form, leaving an opening too high for the typical door and subframe. If the drive-through width or height is important, then make sure you check and discuss this detail before committing to an order.
What Fixings Frames Are Required?
Each single up and over garage door requires a subframe fixing, whether it is made of wood or of a steel section form. The subframe repairs the structural opening and shapes the opening for the door panel to work inside, and this also sets the order sizes.
A steel subframe is the most widely used subframe these days and is by far the best in terms of safety and stability while being a more economical alternative than a wood frame.
How Safe Are Up And Over Doors?
Up and over garage doors with older mechanisms, designs and models are, unfortunately, potentially risky, as the door panel is kept up as it is opened above the head and, in some cases, the mechanism and components are somewhat strained. All new garage doors sold these days have standard safety features built in to ensure that if a part fails, a fail-safe mechanism is in place to kick in and prevent possible injury.
The garage door style canopy is more likely to fail on older models, as cables are the only thing holding the panel up. At least, the retractable door type sits in a non-stressful place when it is opened with the running wheels on the steel tracks on the ether side and the springs on either side release their tension when the door is opened.
New up and over doors are safe and secure.
What Up & Over Door Designs Can I Choose From?
The up and over is perhaps the most diverse form of the garage door when it comes to design since you can make your own design using the ‘open for infill’ model. Standard prototypes in different materials are already plentiful from different manufacturers, but since the up and over is one panel, this provides the ability to create almost anything (within weight restrictions).
In steel, you have traditional Georgian panelled designs and then vertical or horizontal striped designs in several different variations. In wood you have all the classic designs, including replicas of side, hinged doors and many designs with included windows, and then you have more modern designs with the option of modern wood finishes used for more contemporary assets. There are similar designs in GRP to wood doors, but without any maintenance whatsoever.
Should I Get Electric Operation For My Up and Over Door?
It’s possible to make most modern up and over garage door fully automatic using any number of boom style electrical operator systems. The canopy doors are not so simple, but definitely possible as long as the door is a modern Garador or Hormann model, many others would simply not be possible due to their geometry or strength of the panel.
The retractable style door is the perfect type for automatic manufacturing, as the least equipment needed, and is a simple pull and push concept with the boom and trolley of the electric operator.
With a retractable door, you can have mechanisms for manual door locking to provide a very powerful 3-point locking system when locked, both of which are mechanically controlled until the operator is enabled.
With the Hormann door, you can use the Bi Secur app to monitor your garage door, or gate operator using your mobile, as well as see info on your Hormann door if also integrated.
The number of access controls for electrical operators is vast, including several different shapes and sizes of hand-held transmitters, external digital keypads, key switches, proximity card readers, finger readers and basic push-buttons.
Who Manufactures Up And Over Garage Doors?
There have been many producers in the United Kingdom over the years for up and over doors, but now there is just a handful that makes a door worth looking at:
- Hormann-Steel, wood and GRP doors, as well as specialist ‘open for infill’ doors are also suitable for very wide openings.
- Garador-Steel, wood and GRP doors with personalised sizes on almost any style available.
- Wessex-GRP door standard and personalised sizes
- Woodrite-Timber doors in a wide variety of designs and types of wood, regular and purpose-made.